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4th Fase of Discoveries períod 1510 - 1580                  Introduction - 1st Fase - 2nd Fase - 3rd Fase

 

 

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After the Battle of Diu, Portugal is made into a world-wide power and the 1st Transoceanic Empire.
They are conquered and established zones of influence in India. Goa becomes a capital of the Portuguese State of India. Chaul (India), Baçaim (India) are controlled between others. Sri Lanka and the Bahrein make also possession of the Portugueses. In the north of Africa it is conquered of Azamor (Morocco).

Next, Malaca is conquered, an important space in the passage for the spices, as well as the influential Maçabar (Indonesia). The Portuguese take office of Ternate (Molucas) in 1521 - The Land of the Spices, one of the great objectives of all these journeys. Other great facts were to an arrival and the establishment in China - Macao and in Japan, where the Portugueses showed for the first time the firearms and they established the city of Nagasaki. Portugal started to have a control so big of the Indian one that was necessary the one who wanted to cross to ask for a safe-conduct to the Portuguese authorities.

In the Atlantic one, for besides the practically total control of the Brazilian coast and Atlantic islands, it was controlled the island of the Barbados and fulfilled travels to the back Labrador and Newfoundland - Canada.
A ship is developed - Galleon, which due to his versatility, fulfills a paper importantíssimo, want in the sending of loads, he wants in the military control. In this time, the life on board of the Portuguese ships was already very much taking care, where the foods and necessary cares were not lacking to healthy travels.

The power in the Indian ocean was maintained for practically one century. Some of the squares of the north of Africa had been left for lack of profit. The Portuguese possessions for everywhere began to be coveted by emergent nations like the English, French and Dutch. The Portuguese Empire was including three continents and was spread out by 2/3 of the globe. It became impossible so great territory maintained, making the situation worse, when in 1578 the Portuguese king D. Sebastian died with 24 years and without children happening. Under Spanish power, most of the Portuguese possessions were invaded and conquered...

 

Portugal chega ao Japão

 

 

 

Chronology of events 4th Phase of the period of Discoveries

 

The Battle of Diu of 1509, the most emblematic of the History of the Portuguese Navy was one of the rare naval battles in which the due navy was totally destroyed. From the strategic point of view it was the factor that, above any other, created the conditions that allowed the Afonso de Albuquerque to conquer Goa in 1510, Malaca in 1511, to enter in the Red Sea and to oblige the Samorim de Calicut to ask the peace in 1513 and to ask to make definitely man of Ormuz into 1515. Portugal dominates the Indian Ocean.(45)

 

1509 - The gulf of Bengala (Eur) is reached by Diogo Lopes de Sequeira that arrived up to Malaca (Eur).(46)

 

Molucas - The first Europeans to bring the Ternate near were making part of the Portuguese expedition of Francisco Serrão to the Molucas (1511). In 1522 the occupation took place with the construction of a fort, up to 1575.(47)

 

 

4th Fase - Empire in India. When it reached the Molucas and Japan.

 

In 1511, the Portugueses they take the peninsula of Malaca, plate contornante of the commerce with China and with the Asian south-east.(48)

 

1512: António de Abreu discovers the island of Timor (Eur).(49)

 

1513: Jorge Álvares reached the back of China (by sea Eur).(50)

 

1512 - Fort of Calecute - Reached in 1498 (até-1525)

 

1512 - Pedro Mascarenhas, navigator, diplomat and later viceroy of India, about 1512, caught sight, near to Madagascar, the Islands Mascarenhas (Reunion, and Maurícia...)

 

Goa from 1510, went to capital of the Portuguese State of India, having been invaded by the Indian Union in 1961.(51)

 

Malaca (Malásia) - (1511-1641) was conquered; lost for the Dutchmen.(52)

 

Macáçar or Macaçar (Makassar in Indonesian) is the capital and the biggest city of the province of Celebes of the South, in Indonesia. It is located in the south of the island of Celebes. It was a Portuguese possession between 1512 and 1665.(53)

 

1513 - Conquest of Azamor (1513-1541). City restored to Morocco in 1541. (54)

 

In 1 of April of 1515, Albuquerque, already governor of India, returned the Ormuz (after 1507), it rebuilt the fortification (Fort of Nossa Senhora of the Conceição de Ormuz) and established the Portuguese sovereignity subordinated to the State of India.

 

Paliacate (Pulicat in tamile) is a town of the state of Tamil Nadu, in India. The north of Madrasta is located. It was a Portuguese establishment between 1518 and 1610, when it was occupied by the Dutchmen.(56)

 

Ningbo, Ningpo or Liampó (the Portuguese form of the century XVI) (?) is a city of the province of Zhejiang, in China. It locates in the northeast of the province. It was a Portuguese management between 1518 and 1545.(55)

 

Power of Ceilão, Sri Lanka (Established Colombo, in 1517).(57)

 

Lopo Soares explored, in 1517 the region of Ethiopia and Somalia.

 

The Portuguese Fernão de Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan) was the first European to sail for the strait with his name in 1520, crossing then the Pacific Ocean.

 

Conquest of Chaul (India) - possession (1521-1740). (58)

 

Possession of Ternate in Molucas (1521).(47)

 

De 1521 a 1602,  Bahrein it was occupied by the Portuguese.(59)

 

São Tomé de Meliapore was an ancient territory of Portugal between the years of 1523 and 1662, and also between 1687 and 1749. It is located in the western coast of India.(60)

 

In 1524, Aleixo Garcia and around two thousand Guaranis attack the frontier posts of the Inca Empire. Leaving from the current coast of Brazil, going through the forests and the river Paraguay, they reached the current city of Sucre in Bolivia.

 

Possession of Chittagong (India- Bengala) (1528-1666) (61)

 

Bombaim (India, also named "Mumbai") - possession (1534-166).(62)

 

Salsette (from name in marathi Sashti language (?) was an ancient territory of Portugal between the years of 1534 and 1737. It is an island located in the State of Maharashtra, northwest of India.

 

Baçaim (India) - possession (1535-1739). (63)

 

 

4th Fase - Conquest of african cities

 

Diu - offered in 1535 as reward for military help to a sultan of the Gujarat. (45)

 

Cranganor (India) - possession (1536-1662)

 

Barbados - Portuguese colony (1536-1620) known like Island The Barbados, invaded by the British 1620 and conquered in 1662.(64)

 

Surate (Surat in gujarate) it is a city of India, in the state of Gujarate. It was a Portuguese possession between 1540 and 1612.(65)

 

1541 - Fernão Mendes Pinto, Diogo Zeimoto and Cristovão Borralho reached Japan.(66)

 

1542 - John Rodrigues Cabrilho (to the service of that of Spain) discovered the Califórnia.

 

Possession of Macassar in Celebes (today Sulawesi) (1545). (67)

 

1549 - Foundation of Salvador's city as capital of Brazil.

 

Thoothukudi it is a city in the district of Thoothukudi, in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was a Portuguese possession between 1548 and 1658.(68)

 

Macao - establishment (1553-1999)
In 1557, the Portugueses they managed to be established in the Peninsula of Macao, building a commercial establishment, thanks to the permission, the concession and the authorization of the Chinese authorities to this act.
(69)

 

Fundation of Accra (Gana) (1557-1578). (70)

 

Maldives - ocupation (1558-1573).(71)

 

Damão - aquisition in 1559. (62)

 

Mangalore (Mangaluru in canarês) it is a city of the state of Karnataka, in India. It is located in the coast of the sea of the Arabia. It was a Portuguese possession between 1568 and 1659.(72)

 

Japan - In 1570 the Portuguese navigators — that docked for the first time in Japan in 1543 — established the city of Nagasaki, in the bay of the same name, where they started to live.(73)

 

Angola - colony (1575-1975).(74)

 

Hughli it was an old territory of Portugal between the years of 1579 and 1632.(75)

 

(1587) During 10 years, Duarte Lopes discovers the region of the great Lakes and the springs of the great African Rivers. (according to map of Pigafeta). It was in Africa being sent the Filipee II on subjects of the Congo, when the Pigafetta communicated his explorations and when they were published in 1591. He knew the Lakes Tanganhica and Vitoria Nianza who wrong thinks were discovered by the British Livingstone.

 

1588, João Martins effectuates the passage of the NW (Atlantic / Pacify for the North), transporting the governor of the Philippines, Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado. Documented in the vol. of Institute VI of Inhabitant of Coimbra, for the investigations of Ernesto de Vasconcelos, J. N. Huot and M. C. Amoreti. is still indicated in the map of the collection Muñoz, in the Library of the Casa Cadaval.
 

 

Mombaça (Mombasa in suaíle) it is the second biggest city of Kenya, located in the coast of the Indian Ocean. It was occupied by Portugal between 1593 and 1698 and between 1728 and 1729.(76)

 

Ceilão (Sri Lanka) - colony (1597-1658). The Dutchmen took possession of his control in 1656. (57)

 

Bante it was an ancient territory of Portugal between the century XVI and the century XVIII. It was located in Oriental Asia, more precisely in current Indonesia.(77)

 

Masulipatão (Machilipatnam in hindi) it is a city of the state of Andhra Pradesh, in India. It was occupied by the Portugueses between 1598 and 1610, being left then. The Englishmen were established in the city in 1611.(78)

 

1624, António de Andrade it travels to the Kingdoms of the Tibet, relative of evangelizar those people.

 

Em 1650, Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, it travelled over Oceania and in an expedition there discovered a part of the islands Marchionesses, Mendana. In another expedition it recognized Tahiti, the group Malicolo and part of the New Hebrides. His travel was printed in Portuguese and published in English in the collection Hakluyt. It left from Stone in Chile and turned the Acapulco.

 

David Melgueiro em 1660, to the service of Holland, travel from Japan to Portugal by the North and the Strait of Béring (Arctic).

 

Cisplatina (Uruguai) - colony (1715-1822)

 

Top | Discoveries |  Introduction - 1st Fase - 2nd Fase - 3rd Fase

 

 

 

 

   

 

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